NGDP Outlook

NGDP Forecast Update: What has driven it higher?

The NGDP forecast climbed higher, to a little over 4%. To get a sense of why the forecast has moved higher through August, we can start by looking at the sub-models. When we look at the sub-model forecasts, patterns emerge. Firstly, all the models are up a little, indicating the main direction of markets has moved in a way consistent with higher NGDP. Further, Models 2 and 4 have increased a good amount. It turns out these two share a data matrix. This dataset is unique in that it contains two principal component scores, whereas the other models make use… Read More

Share

Under the Hood – NGDP Sub model forecasts

Our NGDP forecast, more precisely, our estimate of the markets NGDP forecast, is not the result of a single model. As is more and more common, we keep a ‘stable’ of top models, and average the forecasts from them. The idea is that, once we narrow the basket down to only models that performed well in the past, it becomes hard to say which model is best, so we consider them all. Our current forecast of about 4% nominal growth over the next year results from averaging forecasts across five models. The basic picture—ignoring the details—is that Model 3 and… Read More

Share

August 22 NGDP Update: Forecast lifts higher

August 22 NGDP Update: Forecast lifts higher The NGDP forecast has hiked from under 3.8%, up to 3.9% in dramatic fashion through late July. Well maybe not so dramatic, and the change is not so big, it is at least a consistent movement. What’s more, the forecast has mostly held at this level for the past week. The tenth-of-a-point run up has been driven by US dollar weakness and the potentially linked increase in the copper and oil price forecast inputs. The increase in copper and oil is however more than that explainable by a first order forex response. Copper… Read More

Share

NGDP Update: 2018Q3 Forecast begins

It is the start of a new quarter, this means we move our focus from the tired old 2018Q2 forecast (shown in the plot below as the orange line) and move on to the exciting and fresh 2018Q3 forecast (the blue/purple line). As always, the discontinuity between the two forecast lines is a feature, not a bug. To the unfamiliar, the forecast may appear to have fallen, but really, it is not much changed. We are just looking at a different point in the forecast now. The take-home remains unchanged from previous updates. The big picture is this: the economy… Read More

Share

NGDP Update, July 3 2017

The forecast has rebounded. Immediately following the Fed’s June 13 meeting, markets moved (overall) in a direction that indicated less NGDP growth. A few indicators have however turned up at the end of June, resulting in a rebound in the outlook to the high-point of the quarter. Indicators that have rebounded include 5-year TIPS breakeven, the copper price, the Dollar index and the 5-year yield, which rose from 1.59 to 1.62. The 5-year yield increase suggests the market thinks the Fed will be able to keep rates up. What is notable is what hasn’t fall far from pre-rate-hike levels such as… Read More

Share

NGDP Outlook June 15th 2017

Market-implied NGDP expectations fell from 3.9% year-ahead before the recent Federal Reserve policy statement, to just above 3.8% after. A disappointing result and a stark way of quantifying the restrictiveness of current Fed policy. The Fed had announced months ago that four rate hikes would be done in 2017, and yes, they really mean it. We think nominal income growth is the best single way to quantify what monetary policy is doing to the economy, but if you’d prefer the Fed’s Personal Consumption expenditures price index along with job growth, well then the message is the same: the economy is… Read More

Share

NGDP Outlook-May 21, 2017

The NGDP outlook has rebounded a bit from a low point for the current Quarter-2 of 2018 forecast that was seen in early May. Notably, the rebound preceded the recent volatility in US Equities. Recapping the recent moves in US equities: the S&P 500 tanked on May 17, falling about 1.7 percentage points. The drop seemed linked to perceptions of an impending “coup” against the Trump administration, raising expectations that the tax cut already priced into shares would be less likely to happen. However, once again it appears to be a case of media-made smoke, and shares rebounded on the… Read More

Share

NGDP Update May 2017

The NGDP outlook has held mostly steady over the past month, with the year-over-year figure for Q2 of 2018 fluctuation from a maximum of 3.9% to a minimum of 3.75%. This narrow range of variation came despite the introduction of the first estimate of NGDP for Q1 of 2017 on April 28th , which lowered the year-ahead forecast by less than a tenth of a percentage point. The NGDP outlook for Q1 of 2018 that is, the datum we forecast last quarter, is similarly holding up rather well. This figure is currently tracking just under 4%, in line with the… Read More

Share

A new quarter, a new forecast

We’re now in the second quarter of 2017, so, in keeping with our convention to focus on the year-ahead part of the NGDP outlook, we are switching from the 2018Q1 forecast to the 2018Q2 forecast. The forecast for 2018Q2 is notably lower than that for 2018Q1, falling from nearly 4.1% year-over-year to just over 3.8%   This shouldn’t be taken to mean that the outlook has changed, we simply haven’t been making a point to show you the 2018Q2 forecast until now. Our forecast procedure works by forecasting nominal GDP amounts for the six quarters following the latest available GDP… Read More

Share

Yellen Preserves the Sanctity of the Punch Bowl

The market reaction following Chairwomen Yellen’s announcement of Fed policy on March 15th was clear, it wasn’t as bad as feared. Our NGDP forecast engine (which is based on daily average data, not closing prices) ticked up from 4.06% to 4.11%. The two decimal points of precision should not be read as an overestimation of our forecasting abilities, but serves instead to show that markets indeed moved up. Yellen’s statement was ambiguous, noncommittal, more in the mold of the great Alan Greenspan than Ben Bernanke. The tiny but welcome forecast increase between the 15th and the 16th was driven by… Read More

Share